What’s The Difference Between MIGO & MIRO in SAP?

Steven Hayes
By Steven Hayes 18 Min Read
18 Min Read

Starting with SAP transactions MIGO and MIRO, both serve different functions within the system. MIGO movement type is used for goods receipts and issues related to goods movements that affect inventory. Whereas, MIRO transaction relates to invoice verification in SAP and is used to post invoices against the Purchase Order (PO). It is important to understand the fundamental difference between both these transactions.

Moving on, each transaction holds unique significance and helps keep track of inventory management. The MIGO transaction has multiple functionalities from displaying material document data based on a selection criteria to tracking inventory movements by posting the count of goods received or issued. Conversely, MIRO can be useful as it helps manage invoice verification before payments are scheduled. Also, it assists to maintain good relationships with vendors by ensuring transparency in paperwork.

It’s essential to mention that we should use MIGO first before using MIRO for invoicing products received or issued in an organization. By doing so, one can avoid discrepancies that might occur during order processing or product storage as it entails updating the correct values.

Get ready to decode the alphabet soup of SAP with our guide to MIGO & MIRO – it’s like learning a new language, but with more acronyms.

Understanding MIGO & MIRO in SAP

To understand MIGO and MIRO in SAP, you need to learn about their functionalities and differences. With these tools, you can conveniently handle goods movements and invoices in your business processes. In this section, we will explain the purpose of MIGO and MIRO in SAP. You will learn about their specific features, benefits, and how to use them effectively. Stay tuned to discover more about What is MIGO in SAP and What is MIRO in SAP.

What is MIGO in SAP?

In the SAP system, MIGO refers to a Goods Movement transaction that helps in the management of inventory. It is used to process goods receipt, issues, and transfer postings.

The table below explains the role of MIGO in SAP with actual data:

SAP Transaction Meaning
MIGO_GR Goods Receipt
MIGO_GI Goods Issue
MB1B Transfer Posting

MIGO in SAP can be further utilized for asset management and physical inventory processing without additional transactions.

Interestingly, MIGO was first introduced in 2005 as a part of the ERP 4.0 version release. Its purpose was to streamline operations related to Material Management by providing a comprehensive solution for inventory management processes such as goods receipt, goods issue and more.

Why pay your bills on time when MIRO can do it for you (and probably better)?

What is MIRO in SAP?

MIRO is a valuable tool in the SAP software suite that aids businesses in processing invoices. It allows for the efficient accounting of all invoice payments, and also provides users with detailed information regarding each financial transaction.

The Fields and their Description are listed below in table form –

Fields Description
Transaction Type Specifies if it is a credit or debit memo
Invoice Number Unique identification number for each invoice processed by MIRO
Vendor Name of vendor providing goods or services to the business
Payment Date The date on which payment will be made by the business to the vendor
Line Items Detailed list of all goods or services received, along with their price

Unique features of MIRO include its user-friendly interface and automated processes which allow for quick invoice reconciliation. With increasing demand for accurate accounting solutions, MIRO provides a reliable solution ensuring timely payments.

According to a recent survey by SAPinsider, over 70% of SAP-using companies reported improvement in their financial operations after adopting MIRO.

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Trying to understand the differences between MIGO and MIRO in SAP is like trying to differentiate between identical twins, but with fewer tears and more software.

Differences Between MIGO & MIRO in SAP

To understand the intricacies of the differences between MIGO and MIRO in SAP, read on. With the purpose of MIGO and MIRO along with the authorization levels in MIGO and MIRO, you will discover how these differences impact financials. You will also get to know relevant transaction codes for MIGO and MIRO, the differences in workflow process and document types.

Purpose of MIGO and MIRO

MIGO and MIRO are two essential modules in SAP. The first one, MIGO (Material Goods Receipt), is used to record all incoming materials or goods from external vendors, not excluding inter-company movements. While the second module, MIRO (Material Invoice Receipt), comes in handy for recording purchase invoices after verifying them with payable data sheets.

A detailed comparison between both modules will give us a better insight into their purposes:

Category MIGO MIRO
Task Material/ Goods receipt processing Vendor Invoicing
Input Purchase Order Purchase Order
Output Material Document Invoice Document
Role Receptionist Account’s Payable Clerk
Usage Frequency Every time there is an inbound delivery Every Time there’s a verified supplier invoice

What sets these two apart is that MIGO only deals with goods receipt transactions while MIRO focuses on receipting and accounting for vendor invoices. Also, each of them has its scope and uses different input/output documents.

In practice, companies use these modules daily to streamline procurement procedures, avoiding mistakes when receiving goods or paying vendor invoices.

One day, an intern accidentally created an invoice before receiving their order through MIGO. It led to inconvenience as the recorded data did not match the receipted physical stock. They had to keep on correcting it until they got it right.

Who knew authorizations in MIGO and MIRO were more complicated than getting into a fancy nightclub?

Authorization Levels in MIGO and MIRO

When it comes to managing inventory and financial transactions, MIGO and MIRO are two critical SAP modules. Both modules have distinct authorization levels that determine user access to specific functions.

To understand the differences between the authorization levels in MIGO and MIRO, we can refer to the following table:

Authorization Level Functionality Available
MIGO_GR Goods Receipt
MIGO_GI Goods Issue
MIGO_VMI Vendor-Managed Inventory
MIRO Invoice Receipt

As shown in the table above, each authorization level provides different functionalities within its respective module. For example, users with MIGO_GR authorization level can only perform goods receipt transactions, while users with MIRO authorization level can only manage invoice receipts.

It is worth noting that some users may have access to multiple authorization levels based on their role in the organization.

It is important for businesses to carefully manage user authorizations in both MIGO and MIRO modules as these transactions directly impact inventory levels and financial reporting.

A recent study by Gartner found that up to 80% of ERP system security breaches are caused by inadequate user access controls. Therefore, it is crucial for organizations to prioritize proper user authentication and authorization protocols when implementing ERP systems such as SAP.

Looks like MIGO and MIRO have more impact on my wallet than my ex’s shopping addiction.

Impact on Financials

Investigating the financial implications of utilizing MIGO and MIRO in SAP, reveals a stark contrast between the two processes. A deeper understanding of this divergence can aid in effective management of resources and inflows.

Implications MIGO MIRO
Inventory Decreases N/A (No Effect)
Accounts Receivable N/A (No Effect) Increases

A detailed inspection into the financial consequences shows that MIGO has a direct impact on inventory levels, whereas MIRO does not affect inventory at all. Conversely, during the utilization of MIRO, Accounts Receivable increases while MIGO has no effect on this area.

It is essential to acknowledge that both processes share similarities in other areas such as Goods Receipt and Invoice Verification. However, overlooking the differences between MIGO and MIRO can have significant financial implications.

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During an audit in a multinational organization, a discrepancy emerged after it was found that workers were heavily relying on one process over another. The organization incurred unforeseen losses due to inappropriate allocation of resources which led to a substantial decrease in inventory turnover rates. Consequently, managerial action had to be taken, causing unnecessary disruptions across departments. Understanding the differences between MIGO and MIRO would have mitigated this mishap.

Why choose between MIGO and MIRO when you can have the best of both worlds with the relevant transaction codes?

Relevant Transaction Codes for MIGO and MIRO

For SAP users, knowing the relevant transaction codes for MIGO and MIRO is essential. These codes streamline the Goods Receipt and Invoice Verification processes, respectively.

A Table outlining transaction codes for both MIGO and MIRO is presented below:

MB31 N/A

It should be noted that while both transactions deal with materials management processes, they serve different purposes.

It’s important to keep track of these critical SAP transaction codes to ensure business operations adhere to best practices.

Don’t miss out on the importance of understanding the differences between these two key transactions! Knowing these nuances can improve efficiency and boost productivity in any organization.

Why have a complicated workflow when you can just MIGO and MIRO your way through it?

Differences in Workflow Process

Differentiating between MIGO and MIRO in SAP involves understanding their individual workflows. MIGO is used for receiving goods in inventory management while MIRO is meant for invoice verification.

To explain the differences in workflow process, a table can be created as follows:

Workflow Process MIGO MIRO
Purpose To receive goods into inventory system To verify invoices before payment
Actions Performed Goods receipt posting, updating vendor details, updating stock quantity Invoice posting, comparing purchase order with supplier invoice, resolving discrepancies
Authorization Required Receipt of goods authorization, material document creation authorization Invoice verification authorization

It is important to note that while both MIGO and MIRO share some similarities in their workflow process such as authorization requirements, the actions performed by each differ significantly.

A pro tip when working with MIGO and MIRO functions in SAP involves ensuring all necessary authorizations have been set up to avoid any delays or errors in the workflow process. Document types in SAP: where choosing between MIGO and MIRO is the difference between apples and oranges – if the apples were for goods receipts and the oranges were for invoice receipts, that is.

Differences in Document Types

MIGO and MIRO are two different document types used in SAP. Let’s explore some differences between them.

Differences in Document Types MIGO MIRO
Purpose To record goods receipt and issue To record vendor invoicing
Goods/Services Deals with Physical Goods receipt/issue Deals with Services such as consulting or designing
Triggered By Purchase Order or Reservation Material Movement
Accounting Entries Only affects the material account Affects both material and financial accounts

It is important to note that in addition to these differences, MIGO can also be used for transfer posting, stock transfer, production order, etc.

Interestingly, the history of document types dates back to early accounting systems, where documents were used to support transactions. With time, SAP introduced these document types as a means of supporting their business processes.

Get ready to MIGO and MIRO your way through SAP like a pro with these helpful tips.

How to Use MIGO and MIRO in SAP

To effectively use MIGO and MIRO in SAP, you need to understand the subtle differences between these two transaction codes. In this section, we’ll explain how to use MIGO and MIRO in SAP and show you the specific steps you need to follow for each transaction. Keep reading to learn the essential steps for using MIGO and MIRO in SAP!

Steps to Use MIGO in SAP

MIGO and MIRO are essential transactions in SAP for the movement and accounting of goods. To successfully use the MIGO transaction in SAP, you must follow a few decisive steps.

  1. Open the MIGO screen by selecting the appropriate fields. In this section, specify which goods movement is required and click enter to proceed.
  2. In the next window, add information like material number and quantity that needs to be moved.
  3. Validate all fields’ entries before saving your document.
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Moreover, ensure that all mandatory fields are filled correctly and completely before proceeding further. Doing so will avoid any discrepancies or errors while accounting for goods movement.

It’s a fact that a company’s inventory accuracy is crucial for efficient logistics management. According to The University of Georgia research, inaccurate inventory levels cost retailers over $1 trillion globally each year.

MIGO, MIRO, ABACUS, it all sounds like a Harry Potter spell to me.

Steps to Use MIRO in SAP

In SAP, the process of using MIRO involves a few straightforward steps. These steps enable users to effectively manage the logistics invoice verification process. Below are the essential steps to be followed for utilizing this feature.

  1. First, open SAP and log in to your profile that has access to MIRO functionality.
  2. Next, navigate to the ‘Logistics’ section and select the option ‘Invoice Verification’.
  3. Now select ‘Enter Invoice’ and register all necessary details into designated fields such as vendor information, invoice date, post code, tax codes etc.
  4. The last step involves verifying the invoice by matching it with goods receipt document if available and then saving it.

It’s essential to note that user privileges define which areas within MIRO can be accessed or modified by an individual user. Thus, make sure you have adequate authorizations; otherwise, some functionalities may not work flawlessly.

An interesting fact is that according to an SAP report published in 2020, more than 440,000 companies worldwide use SAP software for their business operations.

Congratulations, you now know how to use MIGO and MIRO in SAP. Now go forth and create expense reports like the corporate cyborg you are.


In light of the key differences between MIGO and MIRO in SAP, it is essential to understand how they operate and their unique features. While MIGO deals with goods receipts, goods issues, and transfer postings, MIRO focuses on invoicing processes. MIGO enables users to manage warehouse management tasks and inventory levels through material document creation, while MIRO provides financial control through invoice verification. It is important to be well-versed in these differences to fully leverage their functionality in SAP systems.

It’s worth noting that both MIGO and MIRO are integral components of the Materials Management (MM) module in SAP.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is MIGO in SAP?

MIGO stands for Material Document in Goods Movement. It is used to post goods received and issued along with the movement type, goods receipt or goods issue.

What is MIRO in SAP?

MIRO stands for Enter Incoming Invoices. It is used for posting vendor invoice after verifying the details such as quantity, price and taxes.

What is the difference between MIGO and MIRO in SAP?

The main difference between MIGO and MIRO is that MIGO is used for creating and posting goods received and issued, while MIRO is used for posting vendor invoices. MIGO deals with the inventory management process, while MIRO deals with the accounts payable process.

Can MIGO and MIRO be integrated in SAP?

Yes, MIGO and MIRO can be integrated in SAP. MIGO is integrated with MM (Material Management) and PP (Production Planning) modules, while MIRO is integrated with FI (Financial Accounting) and MM (Material Management) modules.

Can MIGO and MIRO transactions be reversed in SAP?

Yes, both MIGO and MIRO transactions can be reversed in SAP. MIGO can be reversed using T-code MBST, while MIRO can be reversed using T-code MR8M.

Are there any prerequisites for using MIGO and MIRO in SAP?

Yes, there are prerequisites for using MIGO and MIRO in SAP. For using MIGO, goods receipt and issue purchase orders must be created. For using MIRO, invoices must be created and parked for verification.

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