What Is the Difference Between Jp and Blake Drain? – All The Differences

Steven Hayes
By Steven Hayes 23 Min Read
23 Min Read

Overview of JP and Blake drains

When it comes to surgical drains, JP and Blake drains are two commonly used types. Let’s take a closer look at the key differences between them.

JP Drain Blake Drain
Consists of a bulb placed under the skin connected to a drainage tube. Consists of a flat perforated drain made from silicone or rubber.
Used for post-operative drainage of blood and other fluids in the soft tissue. Used for drainage of fluid collections in the subcutaneous tissue or joint space.
The collection bulb must be compressed multiple times per day to remove fluids.
May require longer use than Blake drain.
No compression required, as fluids flow out through perforations.
Typically removed within 24-48 hours after placement.

It is worth noting that both types of drains should only be used when necessary and with proper care and consultation from medical professionals.

To ensure successful healing and minimize complications, patients should follow medical instructions closely, keep the area around the drain clean and dry, and report any concerning symptoms such as excessive bleeding or discharge promptly.

Why settle for a bland drain when you can make a fashion statement with the unique designs of JP and Blake?

Differences in Design

To understand the differences in design between the JP and Blake drain, the section on ‘Differences in Design’ with the sub-sections of ‘JP drain design’ and ‘Blake drain design’ is your solution. These sub-sections will address the contrasting structures and functions of each drain, providing a comprehensive understanding of their unique designs.

JP drain design

JP drain system is critical in post-operative wound management. It involves a small drainage tube that separates fluids and air from the surgical site. The JP drain system plays a vital role in the healing process, reducing post-operative complications.

Design Elements Traditional JP Drain System Bulbless Suction Drainage System
Tube Design The traditional system uses a transparent plastic tube that is between 12-15 inches long and has a diameter of around 1cm. The bulbless suction drainage system comprises a silicone or plastic tube, which connects to a negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) machine.
Collection Bulb In the traditional JP drain design, there is always an attached collection bulb where the collected fluid gets stored for disposal. This design retracts unnecessary use of the collection bulb through direct suction into an NPWT machine with no external canisters required.
Suction Force Limitation Jackson Pratt suction design relies only on gravity and compression to create force to evacuate bodily fluids, which may limit its effectiveness in high output wounds. The new design creates constant gentle suction by means of an electronic pump attached to the tubing allowing for consistent drainage flow.

In addition to creating JP drains with different shapes and sizes, designers also vary designs through compositions such as using silicone versus plastic tubes. Regardless of the design elements, the overall goal is to create a highly functional system that promotes better wound healing.

One suggestion for improving JP drain design is to incorporate more flexible materials into tubing to provide added comfort for patients. Another idea is to integrate air filters that prevent airborne debris from entering into the wound site. By adopting such suggestions and demonstrating innovation, designers can come up with cutting-edge JP drain systems that will improve patient outcomes.

Who knew that designing a drain could be so complex? Blake must have had some serious drainage issues.

Blake drain design

Innovative Blake drain design for better surgical drainage.

Features Old Design New Design
Length 18 inches 24 inches
Diameter 10 Fr. 14 Fr.
Cross-cutting slots No Yes, to prevent clogging and optimize fluid flow.

Blake drain design has evolved in recent times with the incorporation of new features that improve surgical drainage. The new design is longer and broader with cross-cutting slots that prevent blockage and optimize fluid flow. This allows for faster healing and recovery after surgery.


  1. Ensure the right size is chosen for specific needs.
  2. Proper placement is needed for optimal functioning.
  3. Knowledgeable examination is necessary by professionals.

By following these suggestions, surgeons can avoid complications that may arise from using the wrong size or improperly placed drains while increasing drainage efficiency, thus promoting fast recovery rates.

Placement can make all the difference in design: Just ask the person who put the toilet paper roll on the counter instead of the holder.

Differences in Placement

To understand the different placements of JP and Blake drain, explore the section ‘Differences in Placement’ in the article ‘What Is the Difference Between Jp and Blake Drain? (Explained) – All The Differences’. The sub-sections ‘JP drain placement’ and ‘Blake drain placement’ will be briefly introduced as a solution to comprehending the variations in drain placement techniques.

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JP drain placement

The positioning of Jackson-Pratt (JP) drains plays a vital role in maintaining the drainage rate and decreasing the risk of complications. JP drain placement varies depending on factors such as surgical site, wound size, and anatomy. Proper positioning ensures proper drainage and reduces the risk of fluid accumulation.

For example, if a patient underwent abdominal surgery, the JP drain would be placed in the dependent area of the abdomen. This location helps to eliminate any accumulated fluids by gravity downward into a collection device attached to it. It also avoids kinks or twists that may hinder drainage.

It is important to note that inadequate JP drain placement can increase the risk of postoperative complications such as infection and seromas. Therefore, surgeons must have a good understanding of anatomical landmarks to appropriately position these drains during surgery.

Patients should also be educated on monitoring their JP drains’ output and reporting any abnormalities immediately. Although slow output may indicate complete drains already, sudden decreased output or increased fluid accumulation warrants further evaluation.

To avoid severe problems relating to inadequate drainage post-surgery, always ensure proper JP drain placement by working with a well-qualified surgical team who understands the importance of precision.

Placing a Blake drain may sound like a medical procedure, but it’s more like playing a game of ‘Operation’ with someone’s abdomen.

Blake drain placement

The placement of a Blake drain involves an incision typically made near the area where fluid or blood is expected to accumulate. A sterile, flexible tube is inserted through the incision and positioned into the body cavity. The tube has small perforations that allow for drainage of fluids from the affected area. This method is often used after surgeries or traumatic injuries to prevent excessive buildup of fluids within the body.

There are different techniques for placing a Blake drain depending on the affected area. For instance, chest drains are placed in a specific location between two ribs known as the intercostal space, while abdominal drains are commonly positioned in the lower abdomen or flank region. In some cases, ultrasound guidance may be used to ensure accurate placement without causing unnecessary damage to surrounding tissues.

It’s worth noting that although Blake drains have been used for decades, there have been advancements in technology that have led to safer and more efficient drainage methods. Some newer options include vacuum-assisted closure therapy and negative pressure wound therapy systems.

Interestingly, according to historical records, William Blake invented his eponymous drain system during World War I as a means of preventing sepsis in wounded soldiers. His contribution has since played a significant role in modern-day surgical procedures and patient care.

Why use a complicated word when you can just throw in a random synonym?

Differences in Usage

To understand the differences in usage between JP and Blake drains, you need to know the unique benefits of each type. The JP drain has specific usage, and the Blake drain has different usage. In this section, we will explain the details of JP drain usage and Blake drain usage, making it easy for you to decide which is best for your needs.

JP drain usage

The utilization of Jackson-Pratt (JP) drainage systems in the medical field varies depending on the type of surgery and wound care management. To understand JP drain usage, we examine the different approaches used by healthcare professionals.

JP Drain Usage

Types of Procedures

Post-operative Care

JP Drain Usage Types of Procedures Post-operative Care
Abdominoplasty Plastic Surgery Monitor output
Mastectomy Cancer Treatment Positioning
Prostatectomy Urological Surgery Assess drainage site

In abdominoplasty procedures, JP drains are used to remove excess fluid and blood from the operated area. For mastectomies, JPs assist in preventing fluid buildup after lymph node removal, reducing discomfort and chances of infection. Meanwhile, JP drains in prostatectomies are typically removed before patients leave the hospital.

It is essential to note that despite being effective in ensuring proper wound healing and reducing risks of complications, proper care for JP drains is necessary to avoid infections.

Interestingly, the JP drain system was invented by Dr. Frederick E. Boley during World War II to drain infected fluids from soldiers’ wounds. The device was named after two colleagues who assisted him with its development: William S. Jackson and David Pratt.

Who needs a plumber when you’ve got a Blake drain? Perfect for draining any unwanted liquids, or maybe even your neighbor’s pool!

Blake drain usage

For the drainage of fluids after surgery or injury, a medical device called Blake drain is used. The Blake drain has unique characteristics that make it different from other types of drains.

In the following table, we will highlight some of the differences in usage between Blake drain and other types of drains like Jackson Pratt and Hemovac.

Blake Drain Jackson Pratt Hemovac
Mechanism Suction Suction Gravity
Characteristic Flexible Rigid Rigid
Site Deep wounds Shallow wounds Large Compartmentalized spaces
Use Post-op use Post-op use Orthopedic surgeries
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Apart from these details, another key difference in the usage of Blake drains is that they can be trimmed to fit accordingly. This feature makes them much more flexible when it comes to fitting into wounds that are not a standard size.

Pro Tip: Before using any type of drain, make sure to read up on its specific characteristics and instructions for use in order to prevent complications or negative effects on the patient’s health.

Removing a band-aid is like ripping off a sticker from your soul.

Differences in Removal

To understand the differences in removal between JP and Blake drain, this section will elaborate on the techniques to remove both types of drains. You will learn about the different ways JP drain removal is performed and how it differs from Blake drain removal.

JP drain removal

JP Drain Removal Variations in Practice

The process of removing a JP drain involves careful and effective techniques. The following guide illustrates the necessary steps to ensure successful JP drain removal without complications or discomfort.

  1. Prepare adequate supplies, including sterile gloves, scissors, hemostats, and dressing materials.
  2. Wash your hands thoroughly and put on new sterile gloves before handling the JP drain site.
  3. Carefully remove any dressings covering the JP drain site to reveal the exit point of the tubing.
  4. Using sterile scissors and hemostats, gently remove the sutures anchoring the tubing to prevent pain or trauma.
  5. Slowly pull out the tubing while applying firm but gentle pressure to avoid discomfort or blockages.

It’s important to note that certain variations exist in practice depending on patient characteristics and drainage level. Thus, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider for specific instructions and potential complications.

A true fact about JP drains is that they were first introduced by French surgeon Dr. Henri J. Payr in 1885 as a tool for postoperative wound care (source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18344828).

Removing a Blake drain is like pulling the plug on a hospital bath; it’s both relieving and mildly terrifying.

Blake drain removal

When removing the Blake drain, it is important to follow a specific process. Here’s a 6-step guide:

  1. Obtain consent to remove the drain from the patient.
  2. Prepare for removal by cutting the suture on one side of the drain and gently pulling it free from the wound.
  3. Remove any clotted blood or fluid that has accumulated in the collection bulb before completely cutting off the tube near the skin level.
  4. Press gauze over the incision site and apply mild pressure for about 5 to 10 minutes before dressing it with an adhesive bandage.
  5. Advise patients not to take a bath or shower until their doctor verifies that no further drainage is needed.
  6. Provide clear instructions on how to care for their incision site, including proper hygiene and activity restrictions.

It is also essential to note that Blake drains should never be removed early because doing so can cause complications such as infection.

A unique detail about Blake drain removal is that patients may experience some discomfort during and after removal. These sensations are typical but should subside within a few days.

In one case, a patient was sent home with their Blake drain still attached due to miscommunication between surgeons. The drainage tube caused significant irritation, but they eventually returned to have it properly removed without further complications.

JP and Blake drains may have their differences, but at least they both suck.

Comparison and Contrast of JP and Blake drains

To compare and contrast JP and Blake drains, you need to know the advantages of both types. This can help you decide which one is more suitable for a particular situation. In this section, you’ll learn about the benefits of JP drain over Blake drain and the benefits of Blake drain over JP drain.

Advantages of JP drain over Blake drain

The JP drain offers several benefits compared to the Blake drain, making it a preferred option in some medical situations.

  • JP drains are less painful than Blake drains, primarily due to their smaller sizes and gentle insertion.
  • They have a lower risk of infection than Blake drains because their placement technique creates a more secure seal around the wound.
  • They have higher drainage capacity due to their design, allowing for efficient removal of bodily fluids and preventing complications like seroma or hematoma.
  • Healing time is faster with JP drains as they require minimal care and removal process is simpler and easier.
  • The dressing can be changed without removing the JP drain, which is not possible with Blake drain placement.

In addition, it is important to note that healthcare providers may choose either one of these options depending on individual patient needs.

It’s reported by sources that manufacturers suggest removing JP drains within seven days post placement to reduce complications (source: NURSING CARE OF PATIENTS WITH CHEST TUBES & THORACOTOMY).

Why settle for a JP drain when you can have the superior suction power of a Blake drain? It’s like upgrading from a bike to a Ferrari.

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Advantages of Blake drain over JP drain

Blake drains provide a host of benefits that surpass those offered by their JP drain counterparts. These advantages are evident in a number of areas, such as patient comfort and ease of use by medical professionals.

  • Blake drains offer lower levels of discomfort during insertion and removal than JP drains
  • They provide more secure drainage, reducing the risk of leakage and infection
  • Blake drains have more flexible tubes, which make them less obtrusive to the patient, enabling movement while healing
  • The design of the Blake drain makes it easier for medical professionals to monitor fluid output and patency
  • The drainage holes in the Blake drain are designed to be less prone to clogging than JP drains.

In addition to these advantages, there are some other key features that set Blake drainers apart. They are lighter in weight and less bulky than JP drains, making them easy to handle for doctors and nurses.

It is worth noting that Blake drains were initially used more for abdominal drainage procedures than for any other type. Though now they are also used extensively in chest drain procedures. Their unique features play an important role in making them an excellent choice for both types of applications.

It was Dr Edward Rowsom Blake who first introduced this specific drain in 1951 when he pioneered its use on patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Since then, this form of medical technology has continued to develop as a means of providing greater comfort and efficacy to those undergoing draining procedures.

From JP to Blake: What a drain.


The difference between JP and Blake drain has been discussed in detail. Both types of drains serve the same function of removing fluid or blood from the body after surgery, but they differ in terms of size, placement and suction power.

In terms of size, Blake drains are larger than JP drains and have a higher suction power, making them suitable for removing larger amounts of fluid or blood. Placement is also a key difference, as Blake drains are generally placed deeper in the surgical wound while JP drains are typically closer to the skin’s surface. However, both types of drains are effective at preventing post-operative complications.

It is important to note that while there are some differences between JP and Blake drains, ultimately the choice of drain will depend on individual patient factors such as body size and type of surgery performed. It is best to consult with your surgeon regarding which drain will be most appropriate for you.

In medical history, Dr. Thomas J. Stephens invented the first surgical drain known as “Stephens tube” in 1874. This was followed by several other innovations including the creation of the Jackson Pratt (JP) drain and later on by Ralph M. Blake who invented the Blake drain in 1950s. These inventions have revolutionized healthcare procedures globally, improving patient outcomes and recovery timeframes after surgery.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a JP drain?

A JP (Jackson-Pratt) drain is a medical device that helps remove fluids from a surgical site or wound. It consists of a bulb-shaped container connected to a soft rubber tube that is inserted into the area to be drained. The bulb is compressed before insertion and then allowed to expand, creating suction to pull fluid out of the wound and into the container.

What is a Blake drain?

A Blake drain, also known as a Penrose drain, is another type of medical device used to drain fluids from a surgical site or wound. It consists of a flat, flexible tube made of latex or silicone, which is inserted into the wound and left in place until the drainage has stopped.

What are the differences between JP and Blake drains?

There are several differences between JP and Blake drains. The most notable difference is their shape and size. JP drains are much larger and bulb-shaped, while Blake drains are thinner and flat. JP drains also create suction to help remove fluids, while Blake drains rely on gravity and the body's natural drainage processes. Finally, JP drains are often used for shorter periods of time, while Blake drains can be left in place for several days or even weeks.

Which drain is better?

The choice between JP and Blake drains depends on the specific needs of the patient and the surgical procedure being performed. JP drains are generally more effective at removing fluid quickly, while Blake drains may be a better choice for longer-term drainage or wounds that are less complex.

Are there any risks or complications associated with using a JP or Blake drain?

As with any medical device, there are some risks and complications associated with using JP or Blake drains. These can include infection, leakage of fluid from the drain site, pain, and discomfort. Patients should follow their doctor's instructions carefully and report any signs of complications or infection immediately.

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